MEDICAL JARGON MADE SIMPLE

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Medical jargon can be a minefield. For ease, here is a list of the most commonly used medical terms in my blog.

ANAPHYLAXSIS
Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction – the extreme end of the allergic spectrum – and life-threatening. Symptoms can include breathing difficulty, a rapid drop in low blood pressure that makes you feel dizzy or faint, an itchy raised red rash (hives), a fast heartbeat, a loss of consciousness, and swelling of the tongue, lip, and throat. It is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. Anaphylaxis usually develops suddenly and gets worse very quickly.
Source: Allergy UK

ANGIOEDEMA
Allergy UK  states that the main symptom of angioedema is swelling that develops below the skin’s surface which can develop suddenly or come on gradually over a few hours. It commonly affects body parts including the lips, tongue, hands and feet. In severe cases, the inside of the throat or the bowel are affected. The swelling can be caused by an allergy to food or medication. In cases where the cause is unknown, this is known as ‘ ‘idiopathic angioedema’.
Source: Allergy UK 

EPISCLERITIS
Episcleritis is an inflammation of the episclera, a membrane covering the sclera of the eye. It is a self-limiting condition. Symptoms include bloodshot eyes, sensitivity to light, eye pain, and tearing of the eye. The cause of episcleritis is unknown but certain diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, and tuberculosis have been associated with it.
Source: Eyecare Trust

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the name given to a longstanding illness consisting of frequent abdominal discomfort and bowel symptoms that cannot be explained by any other disease. It has no specific cause, no distinctive pathology an no single effective treatment. Symptoms include: abdominal cramps, often relieved by going to the toilet, bloating, diarrhoea, constipation, frustrated defecation (needing to go to the toilet but not being able to).
Source: IBS Network

FOOT DROP
Foot drop is a muscular weakness or paralysis that makes it difficult to lift the front part of your foot and toes. It’s also sometimes called drop foot, and can cause you to drag your foot on the ground when you walk. Foot drop is a sign of an underlying problem rather than a condition itself. This could be muscular, caused by nerve damage in the leg, or the result of a brain or spinal injury.
Source: NHS Choices

 

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